Globalization has had a far-reaching impact on the world, and Canada is no exception. It has had a more pronounced effect on wealthier countries than on poorer countries, which lack the advanced technology, capital, and goods to trade. Globalization can lead to homogenization, as people increasingly consume similar foods, wear similar clothes, and listen to the same music. But it can also generate a strong reaction from certain groups and individuals who emphasize local or national concerns. In Canada, the policy of tariffs was met with little support in the West and Maritime Islands, but was popular in central Canada, home to most Canadian manufacturers.
This 20-year documentary offers an insightful look into the debate on geography, globalization, colonialism, and development by exploring how these intersect in the global second-hand clothing industry and its effects on livelihoods and the economy of Zambia. Some economists argue that the future lies in highly skilled work and specialized products at a higher price; Canada Goose jackets are often cited as an example. The poorest decile lost almost 70% of their income over a 30-year period, compared to a 30% increase for the richest decile. This highlights a larger global trend of income and wealth inequality. The rise in precarious employment in Canada since the start of the global financial crisis is concerning. Tariffs became more than just a matter of trade policy; for many in central Canada, they became linked to national identity — the Canadian government and industry uniting against external economic threats — a sacred part of public policy that no government would dare to touch. The evidence presented in the report contradicts the hypothesis that globalization leads to a compression of real incomes in higher-income countries.
However, it also points to a widening wage gap between textile, clothing, and footwear (TCF) workers in higher-income and lower-income countries.